Paracetamol is drug used to relieve pain and fever.
Paracetamol is commonly used for the relief of fever, headaches, and other minor aches and pains, and is a major ingredient in numerous cold and flu remedies. In combination with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or opioid analgesics, paracetamol is used also in the management of more severe pain.
Acute overdoses of paracetamol can cause potentially fatal liver damage and, in rare individuals, a normal dose can do the same; the risk is heightened by alcoholism. Paracetamol toxicity is the foremost cause of acute liver failure in the Western world, and accounts for most drug overdoses in the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand.
Panadol, which is marketed in Africa, Asia, Central America, and Australasia, is the most widely available brand, sold in over 80 countries. In North America, paracetamol is sold in generic form (usually labeled as acetaminophen) or under a number of trade names, for instance, Tylenol (McNeil-PPC, Inc.), Anacin-3, Tempra, and Datril. While there is brand named paracetamol available in the UK (e.g. Panadol), unbranded or generic paracetamol is more commonly sold. In Europe, the most common brands of paracetamol are Efferalgan and Doliprane
In some formulations, paracetamol is combined with the opioid codeine, sometimes referred to as co-codamol. In the U.S., this combination is available only by prescription. Paracetamol is also combined with other opioids such as dihydrocodeine, referred to as co-dydramol), oxycodone or hydrocodone, marketed in the U.S. as Percocet and Vicodin, respectively. Another very commonly used analgesic combination includes paracetamol in combination with propoxyphene napsylate, sold under the brand name Darvocet. A combination of paracetamol, codeine, and the calmative doxylamine succinate is marketed as Syndol or Mersyndol.
Brand names for paracetamol include:
Acamol, Ace +, Acetalgin, Adol, Aldolor, Alvedon, Anacin 3, APAP, Apiretal, Apiretal Flas, Atamel, Benuron, Biogesic, Buscapina, Calpol, Cemol, Crocin, Dafalgan, Daleron, Datril, Dawa ya magi, Depon, Dexamol, Dolex, Dolgesic, Doliprane, Dolprone, Efferalgan, Febrectal, Febricet, Febridol, FeverAll, Gelocatil, Gripin, Hedanol, Herron, Influbene, Kafa, Lekadol, Lupocet, Metacin, Mexalen, Milidon, Minoset, Momentum, Napa, Pacimol, Pamol, Panol, Panado, Panadol, Panamax, Panodil, Paracet, Paralen, Paramed, Paramol, Perdolan, Perfalgan, Pinex, Plicet, Reliv, Rokamol, Sara, Tachipirina, Tafirol, Termalgin, Tempra, Treuphadol, Tylenol, Uphamol, Vermidon, Vitamol, Xumadol, and Zolben.
|Includes CC-BY-SA content from Wikipedia's paracetamol article (authors)|