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A narrative is a story that is created in a constructive format (as a work of writing, speech, poetry, prose, pictures, song, motion pictures, video games, theatre or dance) that describes a sequence of fictional or non-fictional events.
The word derives from the Latin verb narrare, "to recount", and is related to the adjective gnarus, "knowing" or "skilled". Ultimately its origin is found in the Proto-Indo-European root gnō-, "to know".
The word "story" may be used as a synonym of "narrative", but can also be used to refer to the sequence of events described in a narrative. A narrative can also be told by a character within a larger narrative. An important part of narration is the narrative mode, the set of methods used to communicate the narrative through a process called narration.
Along with exposition, argumentation and description, narration, broadly defined, is one of four rhetorical modes of discourse. More narrowly defined, it is the fiction-writing mode whereby the narrator communicates directly to the reader.
dramatic structure of narratives are
- exposition (the introduction of setting, situation and main
- complication (the event that introduces the conflict);
- rising action, crisis (the decisive moment for the protagonist and his commitment to a course of action);
- climax (the point of highest interest in terms of the conflict and the point with the most action);
- resolution (the point when the conflict is resolved); and
- moral (the learning from the story, why the actors or players in the story did what they did; was it good, was it bad, did it have a good reason for doing so, was it guided by good choices; were these choices the founding value of the society the people live in)