The Eureka Stockade was a gold miners' revolt in 1854 near Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, against the officials supervising the mining of gold in the region.
The revolt was prompted by
- grievances over heavily priced mining items
- the expense of a Miner's Licence
- taxation (via the license) without representation
- perceived mistreatment by the government and its agents (the police and military).
While the events which sparked the rebellion were specific to the Ballarat gold fields, the underlying grievances had been the subject of public meetings, civil disobedience and deputations across the various Victorian gold fields for almost three years.
The miners' demands included the right to vote and purchase land, and the reduction of License fees.