Fandom

Wikianswers

Welcome! Enter your question below. Please use words like "Who, What, Where, When, Why, How, etc..." in your question. Nothing to ask? Click here for a random, un-answered question.

Where are the electrons located that are easiest to lose?

1,033,217questions on
Wikianswers
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

The valence (or outer-most) electrons are the easiest to lose. In covalent bonds, electrons will be shared between two atoms. In ionic bonds, the atom with less valence electrons has a tendency to give them up to the other atom.

Here's an example using water:

The oxygen has 6 valence of it's own, and each Hydrogen has one. A - is a bond of 2, while a = is a bond of 4, and an * is a single valence electron. The oxygen's goal is to have a complete valence shell, which is 8. While the Hydrogen wants one as well, which is 2 for Hydrogen.

This is what the structure would look like:

  ** 
H-O **
  |   
  H

Each Hydrogen has a single bond (2), and the oxygen also has those single bonds (2 single bonds is 4). Then the oxygen also has 4 valence electrons of its own still. 4+2+2=8 for the Oxygen.

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki