Egypt. Cleopatra Ruled In 51-30 B.C., at the age of 17. She ruled until she was 39, and was the last pharoah of Egypt. She was the daughter of Ptolemy XII. She inherited the throne because she was the eldest child when her father died. Her family ruled Egypt for 275 years. She could speak 6 different languages. Her full name was Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator.