The first recorded motion picture was the Roundhay Garden Scene, a two second film of people walking around an Oakwood Grange garden, recorded 14 October 1888 by Louis Le Prince in Roundhay, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. So Louis Le Prince could be considered the father of moving pictures.
The first feature length film was an Australian movie titled The Story of Ned Kelly, released 26 December 1906. It was directed by Charles Tait. At 60 minutes in length, it was the longest film released until D. W. Griffith's 190 minute Birth of a Nation (also known as The Clansman) nine years later. Birth of a Nation is generally considered to be the first "blockbuster."