Ancestors to the card game poker include the ancient Persian (Iranian) game known as As Nas, the French game Poque, the Italian game Primiera, and the English game Brag. In the 1820s in New Orleans, Louisiana, sailors invented a game similar to poker in which a player bets that the value of his or her hand is higher than the value of the hands held by other players. The first poker games used three cards per person from a deck of thirty-two cards. Valuable combinations included pairs and three of a kind. Later, players used a deck of fifty-two cards, dealt each player five cards, and drew more cards from the deck. Stud poker, in which each player is dealt a first card face down and the next four cards face up, was not invented until about 1864. As poker was played, more changes gradually came about.