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Mendel and his research: Gregor Mendel was born on July 22, 1822 and was an Australian Monk and biologist. His works in heredity became the basis of the modern theory of genetics. His was born in Heizendorf, Austria, and into a poor farming family. His name was actually Johann Mendel, but was given the first name Gregor when he entered the monastery at Brenn is Moravis. He was very impressed while studying in Vienna by a guy named Frank Unger who studied inheritance. Unger influenced Mendel to keep studying at the monastery. After two years passed, he got really interested in heredity and evolution in plants, so he grew a garden. In his garden, he planted common garden peas. When the pea plants produced seeds, Mendel worked like this wrapping each seed separately in case of pollination from insects. Mendel’s experiments: After years of doing this, he noticed when he crossed tall and short plants; he got a hybrid offspring that resembled the taller plant. This often represented dominant and recessive characteristics. When he became 44, Mendel published his work on heredity in the Journal of the Brno Natural History Society. Although, there was no impact, a few, like Karl Negeli who worked in the same field, didn’t understand. After two years, he was elected abbot of the monastery. He did actually continue breeding experiments, but with bees. He successfully produced a hybrid strain of bees, with rich excellent honey. However, they were so dangerous and vicious, the stung tons of people miles away and had to be exterminated. Mendel in the 20th Century: His work really wasn’t recognized until the early 1920s and early 1930s for evolution purposes.

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