There are about 4,000 residents during the summer, about 1,000 during winter, mostly at scientific outposts. There are also about 30,000 tourists each year, mainly in summer.
Antarctica was unexplored for a very long time, and they thought there couldn't be any life there due to the cold weather. Until one day humans went there and discovered a rare species of penguin which they called the Emperor Penguin. The only animals known in the earth to survive the extreme cold temperature of the ice continent.
And only they because is SOO COLD